Kaudulla is a far more recent creation, opening in 2002. It is almost 200 km from Colombo on the road heading north east to Trincomalee, a major port in Sri Lanka. It was an area where King Mahasen built an irrigation tank and the water benefits the fauna during the times of drought between April and October after the north east monsoon departs.It is a region of dry, evergreen forest with some grassland.
The elephant population which exceeds 200 moves based upon the availability of water. They return from Minneriya down a jungle corridor in September in anticipation of the rains.