The prime function of Udawalawe Elephant Transit Home within the National Park is to take in. rehabilitate and release elephants back into the wild. Elephants do remain an endangered species and this facility that was founded by the Department of Wildlife Conservation in 1995. Once calves are five years old they can be released with the protection of a radio collar.
The Park in the south of Sri Lanka has plenty of rain, the dry period being June to September. It is 165 km east and inland from Colombo. It has some hilly areas, forest, grassland and marsh. The permanent elephant population numbers around 250 and are fairly easy to see because they inhabit the open areas as a rule.