Wasgamuwa in Central Province 225 km from Colombo is known for its large elephant herds. It became a National Park in 1984 having been a nature reserve for some years previously. The driest period in the Park are between July and September. There is forest and grassland and some elevation.
There are 150 elephants which prefer the marshy parts of the Park. There are signs of conflict between humans and their cattle and the fauna within the Park, particularly the elephants.